Tablet presented to historical society
Voices from afar off call us
To pause and listen.*
*Inscription on bronze tablet, rendered by Mrs. Julia Bracken Wendt, and presented to the Chicago Historical Society by Mrs. Hubbard shortly before her death in 1909. Giant oak trees frame Gurdon Hubbard’s portrait, in bas-relief. Perhaps these oak trees suggest the very day when a young Gurdon Hubbard first arrived in the Prairie State. Oak trees can also be read as a symbol of strength and endurance.
Happy 200 Years, Illinois!
Illinois’ Bicentennial celebration can be launched with the history of one man: Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard, born 1802 in Vermont and buried 1886 in Graceland Cemetery.
Gurdon Hubbard first arrived in Chicago on October 1, 1818; the year Illinois became a state. He was sixteen and newly employed as a clerk for the American Fur Company, owned by John Jacob Astor.
When young Gurdon and the fur company’s “brigade” of twelve boats landed at Chicago that fall, he climbed a tree to better view the prairie “through the oak woods.” He later wrote, “The waving grass, intermingling with a rich profusion of wild flowers, was the most beautiful sight I have ever gazed upon.” A herd of wild deer and a pair of red foxes gave “animation to the scene” and looking north he saw the “whitewashed buildings” of Fort Dearborn.[i]
In reading Hubbard’s life story, we can envision Chicago and Illinois in their youth and more fully comprehend their transformations, from settlement and frontier to great metropolis and flourishing state.
From our 2018 vantage, it is both difficult and enchanting to imagine Gurdon’s many thrilling adventures: viewing the untouched prairie; portaging Mud Lake; visiting the American Bottom (southern Illinois land along the Mississippi); trading furs with Indians; forging trails in the wilderness; operating as pioneer meat packer, plus an impressive number of other commercial and civic pursuits.
Fairly well known history is his establishment of a trading route from Vincennes, Indiana to Chicago, through Danville that on old maps was named “Hubbard’s Trail.” Hubbard regularly worked this route in the 1820s and claimed that he once walked seventy-five miles in one day. For this, Indians who knew him called him “Pa-pa-ma-ta-be” which means “The Swift Walker.”[ii]
Less known, yet particularly consequential to Illinois, is the role Hubbard played in the building of the Illinois Michigan Canal.
As a representative in the 1832-33 Illinois General Assembly in Vandalia, Hubbard introduced a bill for the construction of the Illinois Michigan Canal, which was ultimately defeated. At every meeting of the legislature thereafter, he continued to urge passage of the canal bill until it successfully passed in the session of 1835-36.
At one point, in the planning of the canal, the location of its northern terminus was debated. Consideration was given to connecting the canal to the Calumet River rather than to the south branch of the Chicago River. On this question, according to Judge Henry W. Blodgett (1821 – 1905), Illinois is indebted to Mr. Hubbard. The judge explained:
“After hearing the arguments upon this point, Mr. Hubbard took a map and called the attention of the members to the fact that the mouth of the Calumet River is within a few hundred yards of the Indiana state line, and suggested that it was expected that wherever the canal terminated a great city would grow up, and pertinently asked whether it was desirable that the coming city, at the terminus of the canal, should be as much of it in the State of Indiana as in Illinois, when the entire expense of constructing the canal would devolve upon Illinois. This practical business view of the question settled it, and the mouth of the Chicago was made the terminus instead of the mouth of the Calumet.
So you will see that the State of Illinois is indebted to the sagacity of Gurdon S. Hubbard for locating this great city where Illinois gets the principal benefit of it.”[iii]
When digging the canal ceremoniously commenced July 4, 1836, Gurdon Hubbard spade up one of the first shovelfuls of earth.
Original marker 1834, replaced 1936
Memorials to Hubbard are few. In downtown Chicago, we have the portrait tablet at the Chicago History Museum as well as Hubbard Street. * When “Hubbard’s Trail” became the basis for the first state road, today State Route 1, historical markers were placed to commemorate its history. On Chicago’s north side, we have Hubbard’s tomb in Graceland Cemetery, Section D, Lot 50.
Through Gurdon Hubbard we better know and understand our great city and state. Hubbard “was able to adapt himself to civilization, and to infuse into others something of the fire which burned within him.... If we have moved at a rapid pace, it is perhaps because that pace was set by Pa-pa-ma-ta-be, ‘The Swift Walker.’”[iv]
Hamilton, Henry Raymond. The Epic of Chicago, Chicago: Willett, Clark & Co., 1932.
Hubbard, Gurdon. The Autobiography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard, Chicago: R.R. Donnelley & Sons Co., 1911
[i] Hubbard, The Autobiography, 32 - 33
[ii] Hubbard, The Autobiography, 142.
[iii] Hamilton, The Epic of Chicago, 346-347.
[iv] Hubbard, The Autobiography, x.
* I’m assuming the tablet is still in the museum’s collection. I have submitted an inquiry via email, however it may take several weeks to receive an answer.
By Krista August, author of Giants in the Park: A Guide to Portrait Statues in Chicago’s Lincoln Park.